The low proportion of plant foods in the diet of the majority of the world's population is the cause of cardiovascular, cancer and diabetes. The situation worsened since the first months of 2020. with a relatively stable supply of basic food products, there was a drop in demand due to a decrease in per capita income and destabilization of the transport and logistics systems.
A decrease in the population's income due to the limitation of economic activity in the context of a pandemic in developed countries led to a change in the structure of food consumption in the direction of simplifying consumer preferences. Closed catering establishments (restaurants, cafes), reduced freedom of movement within and between countries, fears of making purchases in traditional distribution networks have led to a redistribution of food consumption in favor of places of residence and to an increase in purchases in contactless mode.
This has resulted in a drop in demand for perishable foods and an increase in demand for processed foods, and fast food is "junk" food that is high in trans fats, artificial additives and preservatives. Despite the fact that a direct connection between the so-called "diseases of civilization" and nutrition has been proven, it has not been possible to stop this production and persecution of people. It is legally possible to prove the guilt of manufacturers and companies pay multimillion-dollar compensation for physical and genetic damage in those rare cases when lawyers are ready to fight for many years. (As, for example, it was with tobacco products and Teflon utensils.)
In all countries, declining incomes have led to a marked reduction in physical consumption, exacerbating the picture of malnutrition and hunger. This global trend manifests itself in the most dangerous form in countries dependent on food imports. By the second half of May 2020, a number of studies of the state and prospects of changes in food security have been carried out in the world community.
Threats to food security in the short term, in addition to general economic ones, can be structured according to such groups as epidemiological (actual morbidity, forced isolation as the impossibility in a number of regions to ensure the availability of food), logistic (disruption of supply chains, reduced stability of raw materials for food enterprises and food delivery to trade networks, trade and political (the introduction of protective export duties and other export restrictions on the part of some countries and changes in the policy of food access to the domestic markets of other countries.) In addition, in the countries most vulnerable to all of the listed indicators of food security, the situation is aggravated by such local phenomena such as the plague of locusts in Africa, which is becoming increasingly difficult to combat in a lockdown.
Of particular concern is the limitation due to the lockdown of the normal functioning of the production process (adequate access of farmers to their fields, to resources, including seeds). In general, the situation with food security in the world in the short term can be assessed as alarming, and in a number of countries - as critical, which once again emphasizes the need to strengthen the interaction of the countries of the world in solving this global problem of mankind.
Therefore, taking the entire range of food security issues seriously (including careful validation of food products) is extremely important.
Useful links: "Global Food Security: Short Term Threats"
Author: MGIMO expert: Revenko Lilia Sergeevna, Doctor of Economics, Professor (05/22/20)