ENVIRONMENTAL-TECHNOLOGICAL AND
SYSTEM-INNOVATIVE MODERNIZATION
OF THE PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY

NATUROPATHY, NANOMEDICINE AND HEALTH-SAVING TECHNOLOGIES

From Pharmaceuticals to Nutraceuticals

Over the centuries, the medical art has been constantly improved. The most ancient people provided help to the sick with the help of minerals, herbs, roots, flowers, the energy of the sun, water and healing magic.

At the beginning of modern times, Francis Bacon and Rene Descartes called for a critical assessment of traditional knowledge, laying the foundations of the scientific method of cognition. The nineteenth century, with its rapid development of capitalism, gave allopathic medicine the cellular theory of Theodor Schwann and Matthias Schleiden, the cellular pathology of Rudolf Virchow, the bacteriology of Robert Koch, and the infectious diseases of Louis Pasteur and many other discoveries that formed the "foundation of scientific medicine of the 20th century." The rapid development of chemistry has led to the fact that remedies (drugs), previously natural ingredients, began to be synthesized in industrial laboratories. Evidence-based medicine has gained acceptance to test the efficacy of proposed treatments using standardized statistical methods.

The advances in medical science have contributed to an increase in human life expectancy, but as a result of this circumstance, the frequency of chronic diseases, which are called "diseases of civilization" (hypertension, coronary heart disease, oncological diseases, and others), has increased. Many patients with concomitant and combined diseases are forced to take a large number of medications every day. Such polypharmacy often leads to the development of undesirable reactions and the need for additional prescription of drugs for the treatment of diseases caused by taking other drugs. In connection with the current situation, as well as in the conditions of a steadily increasing awareness of the population, interest in the long-known natural methods of maintaining health and longevity (physical activity, optimal diet, the use of products containing only natural ingredients) is growing.

To date, several classes of products have been created, which collectively can be defined as nutraceuticals. This term and its definition was first formulated by Stephen de Feliz, by merging the words "nutrition" and "pharmaceutical" (pharmacological drug). Nutraceuticals are food products and their components that have a positive effect on human health, including the prevention and treatment of diseases. Thus, nutraceuticals contain common food ingredients, as opposed to chemically synthesized "pharmaceuticals". As conceived by the creators, nutraceuticals
can maintain health and prolong human life without developing adverse reactions.

This review provides basic information regarding the classification, legal status and evidence base for nutraceutical use.
Greening the pharmaceutical industry
Pharmaceutical production has a significant negative anthropogenic impact on the environment. Taking into account the latest developments in the field of protection and protection of public health, the solution of issues of multilateral development of pharmaceutical science and industry is necessary for the ability of the regions to resist external and internal threats, including the threat of global pandemics and bioterrorism.
The region's ability to ensure its food security and develop its own medicines is an indicator of economic development based on an innovative development model, since the drug development process is one of the longest and most risky in comparison with the development of innovative products in other sectors of the economy.
The global prospects for the development of the pharmaceutical market are determined by the latest achievements in chemistry, biology and medicine, high-tech bio- and nanotechnologies, as well as the development of an innovative system that includes large pharmaceutical companies and their environment with various small forms of innovative business, which takes on the most risky stages of developing a new products and services.
Thus, the development of science designed to solve problems arising in the process of pharmaceutical activity is extremely urgent. Each pharmacist, one way or another, has to deal with environmental problems arising in the process of pharmaceutical circulation.
The objective of this environmental program is to provide pharmaceutical companies and industries with directions and tools for the greening of pharmaceutical production, which will not only improve the environmental situation, but also significantly improve the healthcare system and the quality of life of people.
Pharmaceutical ecology
Pharmaceutical ecology is part of applied ecology and is designed to solve problems that arise in the process of pharmaceutical activities. The rapid development of the pharmaceutical industry in recent years also creates potential and leads to the generation and accumulation of pharmaceutical waste. According to the WHO definition, pharmaceutical waste is waste that contains medicines (medicines that have expired or are no longer needed, items that are contaminated with pharmaceuticals or contain them (bottles, boxes, etc.). genotoxic waste, which contains substances that have a harmful effect on genetic structures (cytostatic drugs, genotoxic chemicals, their residues and any material contaminated with them).

Medicines and their active metabolites constantly enter the aquatic environment through treated and untreated sewage. Most pharmaceuticals are not bioaccumulative, however, some of them are extremely persistent, while others, with low persistence, can produce the effects of real persistent pollutants with constant and long-term entry into the environment, since the rate of their transformation and removal is balanced by the rate of substitution, respectively. they are considered "pseudo persistent" organic environmental pollutants.

In the absence of an integral system for managing pharmaceutical waste and unsuitable medicines in Russia, these medicines, having become of poor quality, end up in landfills for household waste, in garbage bins, or are disposed of into a municipal sewer. Thus, there is a conscious pollution of the natural environment by man, not only of his existence, but of the entire biota, especially water, which is very sensitive to biologically active chemical pollutants. The treatment facilities are not designed for this type of pollutants, and the existing technological schemes for wastewater treatment cannot always provide a sufficient level of removal of these pollutants and therefore need modernization.

Waste from pharmaceutical production is generated throughout the entire life cycle of a medicinal product. For example, at the stage of development of 10 biologically active substances, up to 10,000 materials are used, but the largest amount of waste is generated at the stage of production of medicines, therefore, pharmaceutical enterprises in the process of their activities to a certain extent pollute the environment with emissions into the atmosphere and wastewater.

Medicines are an indispensable companion and, to some extent, an important factor in human development and the formation of all civilizational periods. Currently, the development of new drugs and their production have become a powerful branch of science and industry. For example, the world market for drugs only for the treatment of infectious diseases was estimated in 2007 at 66.5 billion US dollars, 2/3 of which came from the market for antimicrobial drugs. The volume of imports of antibiotic substances in 2007 in Russia amounted to 640517 kg in physical terms, in terms of value - 22.415 million dollars. The use of drugs in animal husbandry and poultry farming is great.

According to the American Associated Press, about 15 million kg of antibiotics were used in the United States in 2008, 70% of which were used in animal husbandry. According to a marketing study by Research Techart, about 3.5 thousand tons of antibiotics are consumed annually on animals in Russia. According to the research company Abercade, in 2009 the market for antibiotics for animal husbandry in Russia amounted to $ 53.713 million. tons of streptomycin and 6 tons of oxytetracycline. At the same time, 20% of plantings of apple trees, 35–40% of peach trees, 4% of pear trees were processed. The volume of the pharmacy market in Russia in 2010 reached 316.058 billion rubles. ($ 10.408 billion).

With such a quantitative and qualitative growth of the pharmaceutical industry and the widespread use of drugs, it is inevitable that drugs of both the old and new generations will enter the environment. Among the most possible and large sources of such pollution, one can single out the production itself (with insufficient wastewater treatment, in emergency situations, etc.), medical and pharmaceutical institutions (with improper disposal of medical waste), research centers, where new drugs are created and studied. , agriculture as an active consumer of medicines for livestock and poultry. Finally, the person himself contributes to the drug pollution of the environment by removing some of the drugs and their metabolites from the body, throwing out expired drugs, used syringes, ampoules, etc.

Uncontrolled intake of drugs into the environment can lead to negative effects on biota and humans. All this gives impetus to the development of a new direction in the study of environmental pollution: it is necessary to determine the content of drugs and their metabolites in the environment, as well as drug-like compounds among xenobiotics not used in medicine, and products of their transformations; it is also necessary to identify the real sources of drug pollution, ensure the purification of the environment, including water from drugs, and develop a system of relevant legislative and regulatory acts.
Most reports on drug contamination focus on drug groups such as antibiotics, sex hormones, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and antiepileptic and antidepressant drugs. These groups of substances are capable in trace concentrations and with prolonged exposure to have a negative effect on hydrobiota and humans.

It is no coincidence that in different countries special attention is paid to medicinal water pollution. The ease of spread of drug pollution in water bodies, the transfer of pollution by watercourses, including transboundary transfers, effects on hydrobiota and, finally, the possibility of contamination of drinking water make water pollution with drugs 8 the most dangerous. In addition, a significant proportion of drugs and their metabolites are carried away by wastewater.
For example, the antibiotic lincomycin has been found in hospital and livestock effluents in the United States (2–6.6 mg / L). The antibiotics fluoroquinolones have been found in hospital effluents in the USA and Portugal (2–11 mg / L), in the USA, Portugal, and Sweden in wastewater treatment plant effluent (90–1,000 ng / L) and wastewater (<6–310 ng / L), and also in surface waters such as the Lambro Rivers in Italy (14.36 ng / L) and Mondego in Portugal (79.6-119.2 ng / L). Enrofloxacin, used in veterinary medicine, was found in sewage effluent (121.8–447.1 ng / l) and wastewater (53.7–270 ng / l) in Portugal and the USA, as well as in the surface waters of the river. Mondego in Portugal (67.0-102.5 ng / L). Oxytetracycline, an antibiotic approved for veterinary use, was found in the Po and Lambro rivers in Italy (248.90 and 24.40 ng / L, respectively). It can be assumed that in this case, medicinal substances entered the rivers through wastewater. It should also be noted that in the environment, for example, in surface natural waters, physicochemical transformants arise, as well as biochemical metabolites of drugs, generated, in particular, by hydrobiota, often possessing both independent pharmacological activity and new toxicological activities.

The low content of drugs in natural waters, however, is capable of creating noticeable doses with continuous exposure to biota and humans. The literature examines the mechanisms of action of very small doses of chemicals on various organisms. Without going into a discussion of such effects, we note two features of drug contamination in relation to antibiotics and hormones. When assessing the effect of long-term exposure to medicinal water pollution on hydrobiota and 9 humans, it should be noted that many studies show the development of bacterial resistance and the further potential emergence of cross-resistance between different classes of antibiotics in relation to humans.

Sex hormones are known to be initially capable of exhibiting their biological activity even at low concentrations. According to the results of numerous studies, it has been established that estrogens are most often found in water bodies, some of which can be produced directly by hydrobiota. As an example, we point out that reproductive disorders were noted, as well as an increase in the population of females compared to males in fish living in British rivers containing such compounds.

Thus, the development of science designed to solve problems arising in the process of pharmaceutical activity is extremely urgent. Each pharmacist, one way or another, has to deal with environmental problems arising in the process of pharmaceutical circulation. The task of real environmental

This program is to help pharmaceutical companies and industries use scientific and technical potential for systemic and innovative modernization of the pharmaceutical industry and increase the share of nutraceutical products and ecological functional nutrition based on the principles of naturopathy, health preservation, disease prevention and active longevity.

A more detailed course of theoretical knowledge, which is necessary for the successful solution of these problems in this area, you can find in the work
"Ecology of the pharmaceutical industry"..
NUTRICEUTICALS - FOOD PRODUCTS AND THEIR COMPONENTS THAT HAVE A POSITIVE INFLUENCE ON HUMAN HEALTH, INCLUDING THE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF DISEASES.

Types of nutraceuticals

Nutraceuticals include products of several classes: healthy and functional foods, as well as biologically active food additives (BAA). All this forms the basis of the integral (holistic, holistic) and preventive medicine of the future.
Healthy food

HEALTHY FOOD IS A HEALTHY FOOD WITHOUT
ANY ARTIFICIAL MODIFICATION OF THEM. THESE ARE ORGANIC, WHOLE AND NATURAL FOOD PRODUCTS.

Functional foods

FUNCTIONAL FOOD PRODUCTS BEYOND NUTRITIONAL VALUE ALSO HAVE AN ADDITIONAL POSITIVE INFLUENCE ON THE HUMAN ORGANISM DUE TO FUNCTIONAL FOOD INGREDIENTS.

Biologically active food additives
DIETARY SUPPLEMENT - A FOOD SUPPLEMENT CONTAINING ONE OR SEVERAL FOOD INGREDIENTS (VITAMINS, MINERAL SUBSTANCES, VEGETABLE COMPONENTS, AMINO ACIDS AND OTHERS).
Healthy food
Healthy foods are healthy foods without any artificial modification. These include organic, whole foods, and natural foods.
Organic food products (plant and animal) - products grown in accordance with the concept of organic farming, without the use of pesticides, chemical fertilizers and other technological innovations
Whole food products are mature foods without removal, addition or any other change in their composition, grown in fields or gardens without a chemical effect on the soil, which is fertilized exclusively with animal and vegetable waste.
These include unprocessed whole grains (such as brown rice), vegetables, and fruits. This term does not apply to animal food. Thus, whole foods can be defined as a type of plant-based organic food that is not further processed. Whole foods are contrasted with refined plant foods, that is, foods that undergo industrial processing, such as peeling of outer shells, bran, and more.
The concept of functional food (food for specified health uses - FOSHU)
The concept of food for specified health uses (FOSHU) was first formulated in Japan in the 1980s. Functional foods are officially approved foods that contain ingredients that have beneficial physiological effects, as defined by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Prosperity.
And also food
as food products that, in addition to nutritional value, also have an additional positive effect on the human body and / or
reduce the risk of developing chronic diseases. The active ingredients of functional food products are functional food ingredients (phytochemicals), which have a beneficial effect on the human body.
The effects of the following functional food ingredients are currently being studied: plant polyphenols on carbohydrate metabolism, blueberry antioxidants on mental functions in the elderly, and various phytochemicals on immune system function and calcium metabolism.
After obtaining reliable scientific data on the benefits of using a particular functional food ingredient, the question of how to enrich food products with it is decided. It can be physically added to products
food such as iodine in salt or bran in baked goods. Modern bionanotechnology and breeding make it possible to create special plant varieties enriched with the required functional food ingredients.
The following functional food products have already been launched on the market: dairy products based on plant-based products; mushrooms fortified with vitamin D; a huge number of various products with medical cannabis, completely fruit bars - chocolate substitutes, and other products, many of which are already on the Russian market.
Thus, functional food products are positioned as having a positive effect on human health due to the presence of certain components in them, while healthy food products are useful in general.
Quite often, functional foods are specially enriched with a certain component (functional food ingredient), while healthy foods should not be subject to any external interference.
The development of functional food products, as a rule, is based on the results of scientific studies that have proven the participation of one or another ingredient in restoring or maintaining human health, healthy food products - the idea that the closer the process of creating a product to nature, the more useful it is.
However, some products can be classified in both groups at the same time.
Dietary supplements are still pharmaceutical preparations, but containing only food ingredients
It is taken orally in the form of tablets, capsules, liquid and is labeled as a dietary supplement.
Unlike the food products discussed earlier, dietary supplements are pharmaceutical preparations containing food ingredients. Dietary supplements differ from drugs in that their active ingredient must necessarily be a food ingredient, while the former often contain artificially created substances that are absent in conventional food. Most dietary supplements contain multivitamins and a trace element.
The safety of dietary supplements is ensured by the fact that they contain only food components
products, therefore, dietary supplements are safe within the recommended doses by definition. However, as a result of their intake, the development of allergic reactions is possible, in the same way as when some foods (citrus fruits, strawberries and others) are included in the diet.
Manufacturers claim that taking dietary supplements has a beneficial effect on the health of consumers. Quite often, these statements are not supported by references to scientific research, which, however, does not mean that there is no such research at all.
What does integrative (holistic) medicine mean?
Integrative (holistic) medicine is the name of all areas of modern and ancient medicine, which are based on a systematic approach. ... The doctor has a classical medical education and additional training in the frequency-wave method of diagnosis and treatment.
What is Preventive Medicine?
Preventive medicine is a direction in modern medical science and practice, the main goal of which is to preserve human health by preventing the development of various diseases and pathologies.

WHILE more and more enterprises realize the benefits of cleaner production in terms of reduced energy costs, depreciation, disposal, MATERIALS, environmental compliance and improving relationships with customers and nature, at most enterprises still lack understanding of the fact, THAT GOOD ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE CAN BE A COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE.

2020 AD
THE BIOTECHNOLOGICAL (PHARMACEUTICAL) INDUSTRY IS AN IMPORTANT ELEMENT FOR MAINTAINING ECONOMIC SECURITY AND PRESERVING THE WELL-BEING OF RESIDENTS.

WHETHER THE INDIVIDUAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF THE BIOPHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY MAY BE INSIGNIFICANT, THEIR CUMULATED IMPACT ON THE ENVIRONMENT IS SURROUNDED BY NATURAL ENVIRONMENT.

THESE CIRCUMSTANCES DUE TO THE NECESSITY TO SEARCH NEW FORMS AND METHODS OF INTERACTION WITH STAKEHOLDERS IN THE PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY, OPEN COOPERATION AND INCREASING TECHNOLOGY.

IT SHOULD BE NOTED THAT PHARMACEUTICAL PLANTS HAVE THE POTENTIAL TO EXPAND THE PRESENCE OF FUNCTIONAL FOOD AND NUTRICEUTICS IN THE MARKET AS THE MOST EFFECTIVE, HEALTHY AND ECOLOGICAL.

THERE WILL BE THAT THE CREATION OF AN ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAM UNITING PARTICIPANTS OF THE PHARMINDUSTRY AND THE SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY, AIMED AT ENSURING ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY, IS OF PRIORITY.
Together we will be able to fully use the scientific and technical potential for systemic and innovative modernization of the pharmaceutical industry.
We will define a transformed model that allows your company to become one of the most environmentally friendly and modern and biotechnological industries.

We will develop and implement a project that takes into account the specifics of the business and geographic location, as well as strategies that strengthen competitive
advantages in local and global presence.

info@teslar.site

To discuss cooperation,
development of the project, or for any other reason,
you can leave your message or continue filling out the form.
We are always glad to new ideas and answer your questions